Haduhhh, kacamata saya
jatuh dan retak! Kata mbak Nen, Mama kacamatanya kok ada kelap-kelipnya (haaa itu retakkkkk,
Saco-Indonesia.com.-Haduhhh, kacamata saya jatuh dan
retak! Kata mbak Nen, Mama kacamatanya kok ada kelap-kelipnya (haaa itu retakkkkk, Nak!
Mencari di Jerman susah karena
memang hidung orang Jerman tidak sama dengan hidung saya. Modelnya juga Europe minded. Saya
pengen yang mata kucing, panjang almond. Hiks, nasib.
Oh. Saya baru memakai kacamata pada umur 30 tahun, itupun serasa tersiksa.
Kok ada yang
nyantol. Meski hanya minus 1 dan minus 0,5, ini harus dipakai saat berkendara.
Blereng … jarak jauh terasa kabur kalau kacamata ketinggalan.
Huh. Saya memang malas memakainya sehari-hari karena seperti ada yang mengganjal
disudut mata dekat hidung. Ingin pakai lensa mata, takut. Banyak cerita yang tidak mengerikan
terdengar di telinga saya.
Saya imbangi dengan memakan wortel
mentah sebanyak-banyaknya. Yaaaa … jadi merasa seperti kelinci. Untung gang rumah kami
tidak sempit. Bukan gang kelinci atau gang senggol.
Yaiy. Orang kedua yang memakai kacamata di rumah kami adalah anak sulung. Setelah saya
periksakan di Augen Zentrum, pusat pemeriksaan mata di RS kota Tuttlingen (dengan
rekomendasi dokter umum kampung kami), ditemukan bahwa ia plus 2. Walahhhh … kok sama
dengan Eyang kakung di Semarang? Tapinya si kakek tahun ini telah menginjak umur 74 tahun. Dia
waktu itu baru berumur 10 tahun ….
oleh dokter diberikan resep kacamata. Setelahnya, kami menuju toko optik di alun-alun kota.
Disana berjajar beberapa toko yang menjual barang yang sama. Kami memilih salah satu rekomendasi
Begitu memasuki ruangan, kami disambut dengan senyuman
dan ucapan halus, “Was kann ich für Sie tun?“ (ingat
kisah cara kakek Jerman membahagiakan nenek …). Artinya, ada yang bisa saya bantu?
Saya jelaskan maksud kedatangan kami dan memberikan resep. Si
anak disuruh memilih bingkai kacamata mana yang ia sukai. Ia memilih yang berwarna kuning
cleret hitam dari yang diperlihatkan di etalase nul tariff. Setelah dicoba, pas, si
embak memberikan kertas pengambilan.
Kacamata gratis untuk anak Jerman dibawah umur 18
Disana tertera … NUL TARIFF alias GRATIS!
Wow, saya tanyakan lagi apakah benar seperti itu. Sekali lagi, si embak
yang cantik tersenyum dan mengatakan memang ketentuan di Jerman seperti itu. Anak dibawah umur
18 tahun gratis. Bingkainya memang khusus, kalau permintaan khusus bermerk, lain
Seminggu kemudian, kami
mengambilnya. Anak kami mencobanya. Si embak lagi-lagi tersenyum ramaaaah sekali. Oooo …
ini image bagus toko optik F, ya? Makanya kondang.
Setelah beberapa menit mencoba dan mematut diri di depan cermin, si embak membenahi bingkai
agar pas melekat ditelinga.
Si embak menanyakan apakah mau dimasukkan etui tempat
kacamata hadiah dari toko, atau dipakai saja. Si anak mengangguk dan mengambil kotak yang
diberikan si embak.
Kata dokter yang
memeriksanya, ini akan diuji selama 9 bulan, periksa lagi apakah masih sama atau berubah dan
mengganti kacamata dengan yang baru atau tidak. Sekian lama, untung tidak tambah, malah lebih
baik kondisi matanya.
Wah, asyik ya? Jika asuransi yang dipilih orang di Indonesia
bisa meng-cover semua bea kesehatan untuk anak-anak dibawah umur 18 tahun. Saya tidak
tahu apakah di tanah air juga demikian untuk kacamata anak-anak …. Kompasianer di tanah
air pasti lebih tahu.
tariff, saya sarankan anak-anak yang perempuan untuk mencintai matanya dengan membaca di
tempat yang terang, banyak makan wortel (saya iris kecil-keciiiiiiiiiiil dalam lumpia atau sup
yang dimakan), jus jeruk campur wortel (instan) dan makanan-minuman-buah-sayur yang mengandung
vitamin A lainnya. Namanya anak-anak … susah dari awalnya, semoga terbiasa. Mari jaga
mata kita. (G76)
Saco-Indonesia.com - Meskipun sama-sama disebabkan oleh virus, influenza sangat berbeda dengan penyakit batuk pilek biasa.
Saco-Indonesia.com - Meskipun sama-sama disebabkan oleh virus, influenza sangat berbeda dengan penyakit batuk pilek biasa. Bila penyakit batuk pilek dengan demam bisa sembuh sendiri dengan cukup istirahat, influenza bisa menimbulkan komplikasi serius seperti radang paru.
Banyak penyakit virus bukan influenza disebut flu. Hal ini tentu menimbulkan kerancuan besar. Penyakit influenza disebabkan oleh tiga jenis virus, yaitu virus A, B, dan C. Semuanya menyebar dari satu orang ke orang lain melalui percikan air ludah atau kontak langsung seperti bersalaman dengan orang yang baru saja bersin.
Influenza biasanya menyerang bersama dengan demam, menggigil, nyeri otot dan pegal-pegal, lemah, tidak enak badan dan sakit tenggorokan.
"Semua tanda dan gejalanya hampir sama dengan batuk pilek biasa tetapi cenderung lebih parah. Bila gejalanya terjadi lebih dari tiga hari biasanya ini influenza," kata Prof.dr.Cissy Kartasasmita, Sp.A (K), guru besar Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjajaran, Bandung.
Epidemi influenza yang terjadi setiap tahunnya bisa menyerang siapa saja, namun menurut Prof.dr.Samsuridjal Dzauji, Sp.PD, ada beberapa kelompok tertentu yang memiliki risiko tinggi mengalami komplikasi influenza. Kelompok tersebut antara lain anak-anak berusia kurang dari dua tahun, orang berusia di atas 65 tahun, wanita hamil, penderita penyakit kronik, calon jemaah haji, serta para petugas layanan medis.
"Lebih dari 90 persen kematian akibat influenza terjadi pada kelompok usia di atas 65 tahun. Pada mereka kekebalan tubuhnya rendah sehingga bisa menyebabkan komplikasi radang paru, bahkan ada juga yang menybabkan infeksi jantung," kata dr.Samsuridjal dalam acara diskusi Pahami dan Cegah Influenza: Dari Musiman hingga Pandemik di Jakarta (21/5).
Pasien dengan penyakit kronik seperti pasien penyakit jantung, paru atau asma juga berpontesi lebih besar untuk menderita komplikasi akibat influenza. Sementara itu pada petugas layanan medis seperti dokter, perawat, atau bidan juga rentan terpapar virus influenza dan berpontensi menularkannya kepada pasien lain.
Setiap tahun sekitar 500.000 orang meninggal karena penyakit yang berkaitan dengan influenza. Dengan kata lain, penyakit ini sebaiknya tidak dianggap ringan.
Cara pencegahan flu yang utama adalah dengan suntikan influenza. "Selain mencegah penularan, vaksin juga mencegah komplikasi dan mempersiapkan diri menghadapi pandemi influenza," kata dr.Samsuridjal yang juga menjadi ketua satuan tugas imunisasi dewasa Ikatan Dokter Indonesia ini.
Pencegahan lain adalah dengan menjaga kekebalan tubuh dan membiasakan hidup bersih. "Sering-sering mencuci tangan dengan sabun juga dianjurkan karena virus flu bisa menular lewat kontak langsung," katanya.
Pasien yang terkena influenza juga disarankan untuk beristirahat di rumah sampai penyakitnya sembuh. "Selain mempercepat penyembuhan, istirahat di rumah juga agar tidak menularkan penyakitnya pada orang lain," kata dr.Cissy.
Editor : Maulana Lee
Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.
Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.
But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.
The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.
“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.
But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.
The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.
In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”
“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”
Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.
“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”
Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”
Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.
Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.
“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”
The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.
There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.
The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”
UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?
What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.
Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.
Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.
In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.
“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”
He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.
Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”
It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.
Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.
He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.
They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.
Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.
As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.
He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.
Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.
“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”
The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”
Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.
R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.
“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”