pemerintah untuk menaikkan harga bahan bakar minyak (BBM) bersubsidi semakin jelas. Presiden
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menegaskan subsidi harus dikurangi untuk menjaga perekonomian dan
kesejahteraan rakyat Indonesia.
Sinyal-sinyal pemerintah untuk menaikkan harga bahan bakar minyak (BBM) bersubsidi
semakin jelas. Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menegaskan subsidi harus dikurangi untuk
menjaga perekonomian dan kesejahteraan rakyat Indonesia.
mengatakan dengan gamblang bahwa subsidi BBM perlu diturunkan. Caranya dengan menaikkan harga
BBM secara terbatas dan terukur," kata Presiden saat pidato dalam Musyawarah Perencanaan
Pembangunan Nasional (Musrenbangnas) di Bidakara, Jakarta, Kamis (30/4/2013).
Presiden mengatakan, ia tidak punya niat untuk menaikkan harga BBM sampai harga pasar atau
keekonomian yang mencapai Rp 10.000 per liter.
Dengan kebijakan ini, lanjut
Presiden, fiskal dan APBN akan menjadi sehat, perekonomian menjadi lebih aman di tengah resesi
dunia, ketahanan ekonomi terjaga, lebih banyak biaya untuk kesejahteraan rakyat dan membangun
infrastruktur, serta subsidi akan lebih adil dan tepat sasaran.
mengungkapkan bila tidak ada kenaikan harga BBM, subsidi total di APBN akan melonjak menjadi Rp
446,8 triliun dengan subsidi BBM mencapai Rp 297,7 triliun dan defisit akan menjadi Rp 353,6
triliun atau 3,83 persen dari produk domestik bruto Indonesia.
dalam APBN 2013, penerimaan negara mencapai Rp 1.529,7 triliun dengan belanja negara Rp 1.683
triliun dan defisit Rp 150,3 triliun atau 1,65 persen dari PDB. Sementara dana subsidi total
mencapai Rp 317,2 triliun dengan subsidi BBM mencapai Rp 193,8 triliun.
"Jika tidak ada perbaikan, tidak dikendalikan subsidi ini. Subsidi total akan bengkak
menjadi Rp 446,8 triliun. Bayangkan penerimaan total Rp 1.500 triliun untuk subsidi sudah Rp
446,8 triliun dengan subsidi BBM mencapai Rp 297,7 triliun," kata Presiden.
Namun, mengenai waktu kenaikan harga BBM, menurut Presiden, ialah bila dana kompensasi
untuk masyarakat sudah siap. Hal ini harus dibicarakan terlebih dahulu dengan DPR.
Sumber : KOMPAS.com
Cara menghitung berat besi beton (polos):
Diameter x Diameter x Panjang x 0,006165
(diameter dalam satuan milimeter, pa
Cara menghitung berat besi beton (polos):
Diameter x Diameter x Panjang x 0,006165
(diameter dalam satuan milimeter, panjang dalam satuan meter)
3,14 / 4 x 7854 / 1000000
3,14 adalah PI
4 (hitung volume tabung atau luas lingkaran) karena yang dikuadratkan diameter, maka dibagi 2 kuadart = 4
7854 adalah berat jenis baja (kg per meter kubik)
1000000 karena diameternya dalam milimeter ke meter kuadrat (1000 kuadrat)
Besi beton polos tidak bisa benar-benar bulat, karena proses rolling mill memang karakternya seperti itu. Besi (baja) bulat hasil dari mesin bubut saja, ada toleransinya, apalagi hasil penggilingan. Untuk itu, biasanya, untuk mendapatkan diameter besi beton, diukur beberapa kali, dan hasilnya dirata-rata.
Cara menghitung besi beton polos tersebut tidak berlaku untuk menghitung berat besi ulir (sirip). Diameter dalam besi beton ulir tidak bisa biasanya tidak persis sama untuk hasil pada ukuran tertentu, karena tebal dan kedalaman ulirnya tidak sama, tergantung pembuatan matrasnya (calibernya).
Untuk menghitung berat besi kotak (nako / virkan):
Diameter x Diameter x Panjang x 0,007854
Angka (nilai) 0,007854 adalah berat jenis baja (kg per meter kubik) dibagi 1000000 karena diameternya dalam milimeter ke meter kuadrat (1000 kuadrat)
From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.
In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.
Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.
The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.
The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.
The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.
It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.
Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.
That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.
Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.
The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.
THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”
The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.
Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.
That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.
Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.