Sparpart genset murah genset perkins genset foton genset cummins murah genset lovol 100 kva harga

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Puncak

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Puncak Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Puncak

Genset Cummins 37 Kva Silent Murah di Purbalingga

Genset Cummins 37 Kva Silent Murah di Purbalingga Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Genset Cummins 37 Kva Silent Murah di Purbalingga

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Pegunungan Bintang

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Pegunungan Bintang Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Pegunungan Bintang

Jual genset LOVOL OPEN DAN SILENT KAP 45KVA -175KVA Murah di Paniai

Jual genset LOVOL OPEN DAN SILENT KAP 45KVA -175KVA Murah di Paniai Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual genset LOVOL OPEN DAN SILENT KAP 45KVA -175KVA Murah di Paniai

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Paniai

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Paniai Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Paniai

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Tana Toraja

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Tana Toraja Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Tana Toraja

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Nduga

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Nduga Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Nduga

Jual Genset Cummins 80Kva Murah di Gunung Mas

Jual Genset Cummins 80Kva Murah di Gunung Mas Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Genset Cummins 80Kva Murah di Gunung Mas

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Nabire

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Nabire Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Nabire

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Sumedang

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Sumedang Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Sumedang

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mimika

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mimika Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mimika

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 150 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG3 di Sumba Barat

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 150 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG3 di Sumba Barat Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 150 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG3 di Sumba Barat

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Merauke

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Merauke Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Merauke

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 30Kva Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Minahasa Utara

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 30Kva Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Minahasa Utara Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 30Kva Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Minahasa Utara

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mappi

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mappi Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mappi

Jual Genset Cummins 80Kva di Bogor

Jual Genset Cummins 80Kva di Bogor Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Genset Cummins 80Kva di Bogor

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mamberamo Tengah

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mamberamo Tengah Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Mamberamo Tengah

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 175Kva Silent Open Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Merangin

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 175Kva Silent Open Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Merangin Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 175Kva Silent Open Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Merangin

saco-indonesia.com, Bom bunuh diri di halamam Markas Polres Poso, Sulawesi Tengah, Senin (3/6/2013) pagi, melukai seorang buruh bangunan.

JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com — Bom bunuh diri di halamam Markas Polres Poso, Sulawesi Tengah, Senin (3/6/2013) pagi, melukai seorang buruh bangunan. Pria tersebut mengalami luka di tangan kiri.

"Tidak ada korban kecuali pelaku bom bunuh diri. Ada satu petugas bangunan yang mengalami luka di bagian tangan kiri," ujar Kepala Divisi Humas Polri Inspektur Jenderal Suhardi Alius di Mabes Polri, Jakarta Selatan, Senin (3/6/2013).

Tidak ada korban luka lainnya dalam aksi bom bunuh diri itu. Pelaku diduga menargetkan polisi sebagai sasaran terornya. Bom meledak antara pos jaga Mapolres Poso dan masjid pukul 08.03 Wita. Ledakan bom terjadi dua kali.

Tubuh pria pelaku bom bunuh diri dan motor yang dikendarainya hancur. Ia diduga menggunakan bom tupperware atau bom yang diletakkan di dalam wadah plastik. Pelaku diduga kelompok teroris Poso pimpinan Santoso yang saat ini masih buron.

Polisi juga mendalami keterkaitan eksekutor bom bunuh diri dengan Basri alias Bagong alias Ayas, narapidana yang melarikan diri dari Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kelas II Ampana, Kabupaten Tojo Una Una, Sulawesi Tengah, April lalu. Saat ini, petugas masih melakukan olah tempat kejadian. Tim Disaster Victim Identification Polri telah diturunkan untuk mengidentifikasi pelaku bom bunuh diri.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com — Ribuan sopir angkutan umum sejumlah jurusan kembali melakukan aksi unjuk rasa di depan Terminal Lebak Bulus, tepatnya di Jalan Pasar Jumat, Cilandak, Jakarta Selatan,

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com — Ribuan sopir angkutan umum sejumlah jurusan kembali melakukan aksi unjuk rasa di depan Terminal Lebak Bulus, tepatnya di Jalan Pasar Jumat, Cilandak, Jakarta Selatan, Senin (27/1/2014). Mereka berunjuk rasa setelah adanya kabar mengenai rencana penutupan terminal dalam kota di Lebak Bulus oleh pengurus terminal setempat.

Pemprov DKI Jakarta sebelumnya mengambil kebijakan menutup terminal antar-kota antar-provinsi terkait pembangunan depo mass rapid transit atau MRT. Kebijakan itu sempat ditolak oleh para pegawai perusahaan jasa bus. Kali ini giliran para sopir angkot dalam kota yang turun ke jalan untuk menolak penutupan terminal dalam kota.

"Ini gara-gara mau ditutup terminal dalam kotanya. Kita mengimbau Pak Gubernur saling menghargailah sama angkot di sini. Jangan ditutup semua," kata Endang (45), salah satu sopir angkutan umum nomor 106 rute Parung-Lebak Bulus, kepada Kompas.com di lokasi, Senin siang.

Endang mengatakan, aksi unjuk rasa tersebut dimulai sejak pagi tadi. Menurutnya, jumlah sopir yang mogok bekerja mencapai ribuan orang. Endang mengaku menerima kabar rencana penutupan terminal dalam kota itu dari pengurus terminal.

"Dari bagian dalam pengurus terminal, sama pengurus angkotnya. Karena mau ditutup, makanya sekarang kita pertahankan, jangan sampai ditutup semua," ujar Endang.

Berdasarkan pantauan Kompas.com, petugas kepolisian mulai berjaga di depan Carrefour Lebak Bulus untuk mengatur arus lalu lintas. Hingga berita ini diturunkan, para sopir masih melakukan aksi unjuk rasa. Meski hujan, para sopir masih memarkirkan angkotnya di depan terminal.

Sumber : Kompas.com

Editor :Maulana Lee

Saco-Indonesia.com — Rumah di Washington, Amerika Serikat, berikut ini tampaknya bisa diterapkan untuk dibangun di daerah rawan bencana di seluruh Indonesia.

Saco-Indonesia.com — Rumah di Washington, Amerika Serikat, berikut ini tampaknya bisa diterapkan untuk dibangun di daerah rawan bencana di seluruh Indonesia. Setidaknya, rumah ini sudah memenuhi standar dan kualifikasi Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Rumah yang dijuluki "Tsunami House" (rumah tsunami) tersebut dirancang sesuai kode bangunan FEMA yang paling ketat dan diklaim sangat aman. Nelson, sang perancang dari Designs Northwest Architects, mengatakan, rumah tersebut penuh dengan hal-hal yang harus dipertimbangkan ketika membangun di daerah berisiko banjir dan gempa.
Proyek ini dimulai pada tahun 2006 dan selesai musim panas lalu. Lokasinya tidak jauh dari tepi laut, Tsunami House berada di zona bencana banjir berkecepatan tinggi. Penduduk yang mendiami kawasan ini diketahui membuka lahan dan memulai proyek Tsunami House sejak 7 tahun silam.
Berbeda dengan rumah darurat yang diperuntukkan korban bencana, Tsunami House justru sangat indah dan memiliki pemandangan memukau, meskipun terletak di daerah rawan bencana, seperti gempa, angin kencang, dan banjir.
Di dalam Tsunami House terdapat ruang-ruang seperti rumah pada umumnya. Hanya saja, di sini penamaan ruang tersebut mengundang senyum. Sebut saja, Kamar Banjir yang berada pada level lebih rendah. Kamar ini dilengkapi dengan dinding yang dirancang sebagai tempat istirahat selama terjadi gelombang air.
"Material Tsunami House seluruhnya terbuat dari bahan tahan air dan dilengkapi dengan furnitur luar ruang tahan lama," ujar Nelson.
Tsunami House disangga oleh sembilan kolom betok dengan tebal 0,6 meter agar air banjir dapat dengan mudah melewati rumah ini. Bagian tersebut merupakan yang terberat dan terkuat dalam menghadapi badai apa pun. Sementara ruang tamu, sesuai dengan Kode FEMA, berada di bagian atas rumah.
Bangunan Tsunami House seluas 207,3 meter persegi yang memiliki ketinggian 9 meter di atas permukaan tanah demi keselamatan.

Sesuai peraturan bangunan FEMA, kamar tidur utama, ruang tamu, ruang makan, dan dapur, semuanya terletak di lantai kedua rumah ini.

Pelapis lantai Tsunami House adalah ubin porselen dengan langit-langit terbuat dari kayu cedar merah, yang menambah cantik suasana.
Di dalamnya terdapat perapian luas yang diatur dengan panel plester yang terinspirasi gelombang banjir. Rumah ini memiliki bukaan besar seperti jendela yang berbingkai aluminium.

Siapa pun penghuni rumah ini akan merasakan kedekatan dengan pantai yang diwakili desir angin, ombak berbisik, kicau burung, dan juga sinar mentari. Seluruh fenomena alam tersebut bisa dinikmati tanpa harus keluar dari rumah yang berada di Camano Island tersebut.

Sumber :businessinsider.com/kompas.com
Editor : Maulana Lee

saco-indonesia.com, Cara Penggunaan Epoxy ( Primer ) Apakah Primer itu ? Primer adalah bahan yang digunakan untuk dapat

saco-indonesia.com,

Cara Penggunaan Epoxy ( Primer )

Apakah Primer itu ?

Primer adalah bahan yang digunakan untuk dapat melapisan logam yang sebelumya juga sudah di lakukan dalam proses persiapan tahap awal pengecatan dahulu. yaitu :

    Perontokan cat  mobil
    Pembongkaran bagian mobil


Berikut ini adalah yang termasuk primer :

Epoxy Primer

Epoxy Primer juga merupakan bahan untuk dapat melindungi logam dari proses oxidasi dan bersifat tahan air.
Anda juga harus menggunakanya paling tidak sebanyak 1 atau 2 lapis saja.


Bengkel cat juga menggunakan jenis epoxy primer ini sebelum mereka bisa menggunakan bahan lain untuk dapat lapisan berikutnya. Dikarenakan Epoxy Primer ini juga Tahan terhadap air maka berfungsi juga untuk :

    Melindungi bahan yang telah terbuat dari logam dari karat
    Melekat sangat bagus pada logam dan akan menghasilkan lapisan dasar yang sempurna untuk proses pengecatan.


Epoxy Surfacer

Epoxy Surfacer telah digunakan untuk dapat melindungi lapisan cat dasar dari bermacam-macam bahan dan pengencer yang terdapat pada produk lapisan atas dan telah memberikan daya lekat yang tinggi. Epoxy Surfacer juga dapat membantu pencapaian kesamaan warna mixing colour pada pengecatan.

Apabila anda akan mengecat diatas cat lama, sangat dianjurkan untuk menggunakan epoxy surfacer ini. ( setelah proses pengamplasan dan degreaser terlebih dahulu )
Akan lebih penting lagi apabila anda tidak mengetahui seberapa bagusnya kualitas cat yang lama untuk dapat ditindih atau dilakukan repaint.

Epoxy Surfacer juga merupakan pilihan produk yang sangat bagus pada saat anda harus menindih cat original mobil yang mana telah di finishing dengan menggunakan pengecatan sistem oven dengan suhu extreme panas.

Lapisan cat original ini juga mempunyai permukaan yang sangat keras dan tahan lama. Oleh sebab itu cat baru yang akan diaplikasikan diatasnya juga harus bekerja keras untuk membaur dan melekat dengan baik diatas cat original.

Menggunakan Epoxy Surfacer juga akan memberikan sentuhan dan perbedaan antara ala kadarnya dan kualitas pengecatan yang sempurna ( maksimal ).

Pastikan anda telah mendiskusikan penggunaan dan pemilihan produk jenis epoxy ini dengan bengkel anda.
Anda juga harus menggunakan panduan dan informasi cara pencampuran perbandingan epoxy yang di sarankan oleh produsen masing - masing produk.

Saat lapisan logam telah menggunakan epoxy primer, primer akan dapat menutup lubang kecil dan guratan amplas pada permukaanya.
Pastikan anda juga menggunakan produk primer yang sama dari produk cat yang akan anda gunakan nantinya.

Kepadatan Primer juga telah mempunyai kemampuan untuk menutup kekurangan pada lapisan dan dapat memberikan lapisan yang bisa di amplas sampai benar-benar halus.

Ingatlah bahwa primer hanya digunakan untuk permukaan yang yang perlu ditutup seperti pada lubang, pori. guratan yang sangat kecil.

Untuk proses terakhir penggunaan primer ini adalah penggunaan cat dasar diatasnya yang bertujuan untuk :

    melapisi  permukaan bahan epoxy dari proses penyerapan bahan thinner
    Meningkatkan daya rekat ke semua produk cat yang akan diaplikasikan diatasnya.


Pastikan anda juga menyiapkan amplas yang cukup untuk dapat menghaluskan primer setelah diaplikasikan. Gunakan amplas basah dan kering ukuran 800.

Epoxy Primer dan Surfacer biasanya tidak memerlukan proses pengamplasan, kecuali hasil aplikasi anda tidak rata dan tidak sempurna maka pengamplasan juga harus dilakukan.

Boleh juga dengan menggungkan epoxi primer untuk dapat menghilangkan cat lama dan keropos pada lapisan logam, Atau dengan langsung menggunakan dempul baru kemudian menggunakan epoxy primer.

Untuk pengecatan baru, idealnya permukaanya juga harus sudah dipersiapkan untuk ditimpa dengan cat yang baru.
Untuk panel yang tergores, anda hanya diharuskan mengisolasi ( masking ) area yang tidak diaplikasikan epoxy. Setelah proses penggunaan epoxy surfacer selesai anda dapat langsung mengecatnya. Pastikan anda harus mengikuti petunjuk cara pemakaian dari produk.

Apabila hanya beberapa bagian dari panel yang akan di epoxy, Pastikan anda harus menggunakan masking yang lebar ( kertas koran bekas ) untuk dapat melindungi bagian lain supaya tidak terkena cipratan semprotan epoxy.

Gunakan tekanan angin yang paling kecil yang direkomendasikan produk, dan semprotkan secara perlahan pada saat menutup goresan atau luka pada spot area. Lepaskan picu semprotan spraygun segera setiap kali setelah anda melewati spot area tersebut. - Reviewer: tokocatmobil lima - ItemReviewed: Cara Penggunaan Epoxy ( Primer )


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com, Grebek rumah di Bogor, Densus 88 telah menyita bahan kimia dan airsoftgun Detasemen Khusus (Densus) 88 An

saco-indonesia.com, Grebek rumah di Bogor, Densus 88 telah menyita bahan kimia dan airsoftgun

Detasemen Khusus (Densus) 88 Antiteror Mabes Polri telah menyita bahan kimia, airsoft gun dan senjata tajam dari rumah milik terduga teroris, Sadullah Rojak yang berusia (40) tahun. Penggerebekan telah berlangsung di Perumahan Alamanda Mega Sentul, Rt 002/Rw 08, Desa Pasirlaja, Kecamatan Sukaraja, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat.

Dilansir Antara, Kamis (2/1), Densus 88 telah langsung memasuki rumah yang telah dihuni istri pertama dan kedua Rojak. Di dalamnya, mereka telah menemukan sejumlah benda berbahaya yang telah disimpan Rojak.

Dari hasil penggeledahan, polisi telah menemukan senjata jenis airsoft gun, satu senjata sejenis pulpen, setengah karung pupuk urea, dan satu galon berisi bahan berbentuk serbuk.

Pupuk urea, sebagaimana deterjen bubuk, bisa menjadi salah satu bahan penting bom rakitan berdaya ledak rendah.

Seperti yang diketahui Densus 88 telah melakukan penggerebakan di Rumah Rojak sejak pukul 18.00 WIB. Pada pukul 20.50 WIB, polisi telah membawa Rojak berikut barang bukti ke Markas Besar Kepolisian Indonesia, di bilangan Blok M, Jakarta Selatan.

Selain Rojak, tiga saksi juga telah diamankan oleh polisi. Salah satunya yang juga merupakan keponakan Rojak.

Belum dapat diketahui penggerebekan tersebut terkait dengan penggerebekan yang telah terjadi di Kampung Sawah, Ciputat Tanggerang Selatan pada malam pergantian tahun, Selasa (31/12), atau bukan. Hingga kini, belum ada pernyataan yang resmi baik dari pejabat Polres Bogor maupun Densus 88 terkait operasi tersebut.

Dalam penggerebekan sebelumnya yang terjadi di Ciputat dan Rempoa, anggota Densus 88 telah terlibat baku tembak dengan sejumlah terduga teroris yang bersembunyi di dalam rumah kontrakan. Keenam terduga teroris tewas diterjang peluru petugas karena telah melakukan perlawanan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Sofa merupakan salah satu hal penunjang dalam memperindah rumah dan kantor anda. Untuk itu sangat penting untuk dapat menjaga ke

Sofa merupakan salah satu hal penunjang dalam memperindah rumah dan kantor anda. Untuk itu sangat penting untuk dapat menjaga kebersihan sofa kantor maupun sofa di rumah anda. Untuk Daerah Jabodetabek seperti Jakarta, Bekasi, Tangerang, Bogor, dan Depok tentunya anda juga sudah sering berlangganan dengan yang namanya banjir. Terkadang pemilik rumah tidak sempat untuk membersihkan sofa pasca banjir melanda kota jakarta, dan tentunya anda juga akan membutuhkan Jasa Cuci Sofa kami untuk dapat membuat sofa anda tetap bersih, higienis dan aman untuk tempat bermain anak.

Jasa Cuci Sofa Bersih Murah dan Moderna

Jasa Cuci Sofa yang kami berikan sangat berbeda dengan Jasa Cuci Sofa lainnya yang pernah anda gunakan, kami telah menggunakan peralatan modern yang lebih aman untuk dapat mempertahankan serat kain sofa anda agar tetap halus dan lembut. Selain itu kami juga menggunakan Deterjen Higienis yang terbuat dari bahan alami sehingga tidak merusak sofa, tidak meninggalkan bau tidak sedap dan juga membunuh kuman-kuman dan bakteri yang menempel pada sofa anda.

Pusing tujuh keliling (vertigo) merupakan suatu gejala yang sering menyertai gangguan alat keseimbangan dalam telinga tengah, pa

Pusing tujuh keliling (vertigo) merupakan suatu gejala yang sering menyertai gangguan alat keseimbangan dalam telinga tengah, pada kasus ringan, gejala pusing tujuh keliling dapat hilang atau mereda dengan menutup mata, tetapi pada kasus berat gejala pusing tujuh keliling sedemikian hebat sehingga seolah-olah seperti mabuk perjalanan disertai rasa mual, muntah dan keringat dingin.

Gejala pusing tujuh keliling dapat merupakan gejala dari hipertensi (tekanan darah tinggi) pengerasan pembuluh nadi (arteriosclerosis) neurosis atau gangguan telinga.

 

ETIOLOGI DAN PATOGENESIS DALAM AKUPUNTUR

a.     EKSES YANG LIVER

Liver atau hati yang berunsur kayu dan angin memiliki ciri bergerak dan naik keatas. Kecemasan, depresi dan marah dapat merusak Yin hati sehingga Yang hati ekses.

Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi apabila Yang hati bergerak seperti angin yang naik menyerang otak. Atau biasanya defisiensi air ginjal menyebabkan kegagalan untuk member Qi ke Hati.

Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi karena Hati kekurangan energy sehingga menimbulkan ekses Yang Hati, kadang terjadi defisiensi pada bagian bawah tubuh dan ekses pada bagian atas tubuh bersamaan.

b.    

     DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH

Jantung dan Limpa dapat rusak oleh kerja yang berlebihan, kurang istirahat atau kelemahan tubuh setelah sakit berat, Limpa yang rusak gagal membentuk Qi dan darah sehingga terjadi defisiensi Qi dan darah. Pada defisiensi Qi dan darah di daerah otak akan menimbulkan pusing tujuh keliling.

 

c.      SUMBATAN RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM

Pada riak lembab yang berlebihan, makan yang tidak teratur dan kerja terlampau keras dapat mengganggu lambung dan Limpa, sehingga fungsi transportasi dan transformasi terganggu. Akibat gangguan tersebut terjadi pembentukan riak lembab, riak dan Qi dapat menggangu naiknya Yang dan turunnya Yin sehingga menimbulkan pusing tujuh keliling.

 

PENGGOLONGAN

a.     Ekses Yang Hati

Gejala Utama :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling yang meningkat pada keadaan marah serta mudah tersinggung

·        Muka merah, mata merah

·        Telingan berdenging

·        Rasa pahit dimulut

·        Gangguan mimpi

·        Lidah merah dan selaput lidah kuning

·        Denyut nadi tegang dan cepat

ANALISA

·        Marah merusak Yin Hati menyebabkan ekese Yang Hati yang menimbulkan api

·        Api yang membumbung ke atas membuat muka merah, mata merah dan mudah tersinggung

·        Semangat yand disimpan di Hati terganggu sehingga terjadi gangguan mimpi

·        Lidah merah dengan selaput lidah kuning, rasa pahit dimulut, denyut nadi tegang dan cepat merupakan tanda defisiensi Yin akibat ekses Api.

b.     DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH

Gejala Utama :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling diikuti oleh pucat, lelah dan lesu, berdebar-debar, sulit tidur, bibir dan kuku pucat, malas, lebih pucat serta nadi lemah dan kecil.

·        Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi setelah penyakit berat atau banyak kehilangan darah dan semakin nyata setelah kerja berat.

·        Pada kasus berat kadang terjadi hilang kesadaran.

ANALISA :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi karena gagalnya Qi dan darah sampai di kepala

·        Jantung mendominasi darah dan limpa mendominasi transportasi dan transformasi untuk pembentukan Qi dan darah.

·        Bila jantung dan Limpa rusak Qi dan darah kurang mencukupi sehingga warna kulit tidak bercahaya, serta kuku dan bibir rusak

·        Defisiensi darah menimbulkan berdebar-debar dan sulit tidur, sedangkan defisiensi Qi menimbulkan kelesuan, malas kurang nafsu makan, yang meningkat akibat kerja berat

·        Lidah pucat, nadi lemah dan kecil merupakan tanda-tanda defisiensi Qi dan darah.

c.      SUMBATAN RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM

Gejala Utama :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling dengan rasa berat kepala dan rasa tertekan didada

·        Mual, riak yang berlebihan, kurang nafsu makan, mengantuk, selaput lidah putih dan lengket serta nadi yang lembut dan bergelombang.

ANALISA :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling dengan rasa berat dikepala merupakan gejala gangguan Yang sejati oleh riak lembab.

·        Rasa tertekan didada dan mual disebabkan oleh obstruksi daerah Qiao tengah.

·        Kurang nafsu makan dan mengantuk disebabkan oleh defisiensi Yang Limpa

·        Selaput lidah yang putih dan lengket serta nadi lembut dna bergelombang merupakan tanda peningkatan riak lembab.

 

TATA LAKSANA TERAPI AKUPUNTUR UNTUK VERTIGO

a.     EKSES YANG HATI

a.     Dipilih titik pada meridian Hati dan Ginjal untuk meningkatkan Ying dan menenangkan Yang

b.     Tusukan tonifikasi dan sedasi dipilih sesuai dengan kondisi penyakit

c.      Biasanya dipilih titik-titik

1.     GB 20  Fengchi (fungce)

2.     BL 18 Ganshu

3.     KI 3 Taixi

4.     BL 23  Shenshu

5.     LR 2  Xingjian

Penjelasan :

·        Tusukan tonifikasi dilakukan pada : BL 23 Shensu dan KI 3 Taixi untuk menambah air ginjal

·        Tusukan sedasi dilakukan pada : BL 18, LR 2 dan GB 20 untuk menenangkan Yang Hati.

 

b.     DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH

·        Dipilih titik meridian REN, Kandung kemih dan lambung dengan cara tonifikasi (kadang dimoksa) untuk menambah Qi dan darah.

Titik yang dipilih adalah :

GV20, BL20, CV4, ST36 dan SP6

 

Penjelasan:

·        Moksibusi pada GV20 mengakibatkan naiknya Qi dan darah ke kepala sehingga menurunkan pusing

·        CV4 digunakan untuk memperkuat Qi primer dan BL20 SP6 untuk memperkuat Limpa dan Lambung untuk membentuk Qi darah

 

c.      RETENSI RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM

Pemilihan titik Asosiasi (Su-belakang) dan titik Waspada (Alarm, Mu depan) dari Limpa dan Lambung merupakan upaya untuk menghilangkan lender dan menurunkan lembab.

Titik yang dipilih :

1.     ST 8  Touwei

2.     BL 20 Pishu

3.     CV 12  Zhongwan

4.     PC 6 Neiguan

5.     BL 40 Fenglong

Penjelasan :

·        BL 20 Pishu dan CV12 Zhongwan untuk memperkuat Limpa dan lambung sehingga menurunkan riak lembab

·        ST40 Fenglong merupakan titik Luo meridian lambung sehingga Qi menurun dan menghilangkan riak

·        ST8 Touwei sebagai terapi simptomatik pusing tujuh keliling

·        PC6 neiquan untuk merelaksasikan dada, mengatur Qi serta menyelaraskan Qi lambung untuk menghilangkan mual

saco-indonesia.com, Terinspirasi dari ucapan proklamator bangsa, Presiden Soekarno,"Jangan melupakan sejarah." Penyany

saco-indonesia.com, Terinspirasi dari ucapan proklamator bangsa, Presiden Soekarno,"Jangan melupakan sejarah." Penyanyi Budi Doremi juga ingin menciptakan lagu tentang sejarah. Hal itu juga telah dilakukannya sebagai bentuk kepedulian terhadap sejarah bangsa.

"Aku dan kawan-kawan ingin nyanyi bersama membawakan lagu mengenai sejarah lewat nyanyian," ungkap Budi di Kawasan SCBD, Jakarta Selatan, Rabu (5/2) kemarin.

Ditambahkan Budi, untuk dapat menularkan semangat dalam mencintai sejarah, nantinya lagu itu juga akan diperkenalkan melalui sekolah-sekolah. "Memperkenalkannya di sekolahan," sambungnya.

Mengutip perkataan Soekarno, Budi juga mengatakan, kedaulatan sebuah negara akan runtuh jika rakyatnya tak lagi mengenal dengan sejarahnya.

"Alasan aku apa yang dibilang pak Karno. Kata pak Karno, 'bila ingin mengancurkan sebuah negara pisahkan saja aku dengan sejarah," tukasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com, Buntut peristiwa tewasnya anggota Taruna TNI AU Yogyakarya, Andik Wayu Kurniawan yang berusia 21 tahun , tim

saco-indonesia.com, Buntut peristiwa tewasnya anggota Taruna TNI AU Yogyakarya, Andik Wayu Kurniawan yang berusia 21 tahun , tim Jantras Polres Bandung dan Polda Jawab yang sudah diturunkan masih harus melakukan penyelidikan. Sedikitnya 4 saksi sudah menjalani pemeriksaan, satu diantaranya kakak korban Yunita.

“Kakak korban yang juga merupakan kunci utama dalam kasus ini. Dia berada di TKP saat kejadian,“ kata Kabid Humas Polda Jabar Kombes Pol Martinus Sitompul.

Martin juga menambahkan, tewasnya Taruna TNI AU Yogjakarta Tingkat III Andik Wahyu Kurniawan, di Fly Over Pasupati, sekitar pukul 03.00 WIB dini hari, belum dapat diketahui motifnya.

Hanya, keterangan dari beberapa saksi yang mengisyaratkan pelaku berencana untuk merebut motor korban. Korban lanjutnya, melawan dan terjadilah duel. “Antara korban dan pelaku tidak seimbang. Korban ditusuk. Kakaknya selamat.”

Ditambahkan Martin, pelaku terdiri lebih dari dua orang. Siapa pelaku, masih dalam pengejaran dan pengembangan. “ Motif sementara diperkirakan pencurian dan kekerasan. Yang jelas motif masih diperdalam tim lapangan.”

Diberitakan, seorang Taruna  Akademi Angkatan Udara Yogyrakarta angkatan 2011  Tingkat III Andik Wahyu Kurniawan, telah dibantai oleh kawanan pria misterius di Fly Over Pasupati, Senin (23/12/2013) sekitar pukul 03.00 dini hari .

Korban tewas akibat luka tusuk di dada kiri atau tepat di Jantung. Berdasar keterangan korban berada di Bandung karena  tengah cuti di rumah orangtuanya.

Andik tewas saat mengantarkan kakaknya Yunita Nurhayati ke travel yang akan berangkat ke Jakarta.

Andik telah ditemukan tewas di Jembatan Layang Pasupati menuju arah Gasibu, Bandung.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

Advertisement

Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.