Sparpart genset murah genset perkins genset foton genset cummins murah genset lovol 100 kva harga

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Fakfak

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Fakfak Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Fakfak

Jual Genset Cummins 30Kva Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Karangasem

Jual Genset Cummins 30Kva Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Karangasem Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Genset Cummins 30Kva Built Up bergaransi dan berkualitas di Karangasem

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Papua Barat

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Papua Barat Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Papua Barat

Jual Genset Perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 40 kva Prime power type 1004G Murah di Mamuju Utara

Jual Genset Perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 40 kva Prime power type 1004G Murah di Mamuju Utara Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Genset Perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 40 kva Prime power type 1004G Murah di Mamuju Utara

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Yalimo

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Yalimo Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Yalimo

sparepart genset lovol untuk semua kapasitas Murah di Yalimo

sparepart genset lovol untuk semua kapasitas Murah di Yalimo Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

sparepart genset lovol untuk semua kapasitas Murah di Yalimo

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Yahukimo

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Yahukimo Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Yahukimo

Jual Genset Cummins 500 kva di Balikpapan

Jual Genset Cummins 500 kva di Balikpapan Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Genset Cummins 500 kva di Balikpapan

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Waropen

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Waropen Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Waropen

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A Murah di Sumba Tengah

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A Murah di Sumba Tengah Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A Murah di Sumba Tengah

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Tolikara

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Tolikara Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Tolikara

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 500 kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Cirebon

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 500 kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Cirebon Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Cummins 500 kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Cirebon

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Supiori

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Supiori Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Supiori

GENSET CUMMIS 1500KVA bergaransi dan berkualitas di Maluku

GENSET CUMMIS 1500KVA bergaransi dan berkualitas di Maluku Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

GENSET CUMMIS 1500KVA bergaransi dan berkualitas di Maluku

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sarmi

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sarmi Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sarmi

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 135 kva Prime power type 1006TAG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Kepulauan Mentawa

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 135 kva Prime power type 1006TAG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Kepulauan Mentawai Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 135 kva Prime power type 1006TAG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Kepulauan Mentawa

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Puncak Jaya

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Puncak Jaya Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Puncak Jaya

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 70 kva Prime power type 1004TG bergaransi dan berkualitas di Landak

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 70 kva Prime power type 1004TG bergaransi dan berkualitas di Landak Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 70 kva Prime power type 1004TG bergaransi dan berkualitas di Landak

Sebanyak 99,48% siswa sekolah menengah atas (SMA) sederajat atau 1.573.036 siswa  dinyatakan lulus Ujian Nasional (UN)



Sebanyak 99,48% siswa sekolah menengah atas (SMA) sederajat atau 1.573.036 siswa  dinyatakan lulus Ujian Nasional (UN) untuk tahun ajaran 2012/2013, sedangkan yang tidak lulus sebanyak 8.260 siswa atau 0,52 persen. Adapun total seluruh peserta UN SMA sederajat 1.581.286 siswa.

"Hasil kelulusan dan dan tidak lulusnya siswa ditentukan dari kombinasi hasil nilai UN sebanyak 60 persen dan 40 persen dari nilai sekolah," kata Mendikbud M Nuh pada konferensi pers pengumuman hasil UN Tahun Ajaran 2012/2013 SMA/MA/SMK sederajat di Jakarta, Kamis (23/5).Turut hadir Ketua Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan (BSNP) Aman Wirakartakusumah dan anggota Jemari Mardapi.

Menurut Nuh, dibandingkan tahun lalu prosentase kelulusan 99.50 persen, sehingga terjadi penurunan 0,02 persen pada tahun ini."Terjadinya penurunan kelulusan dimungkinkan karena adanya variasi soal tahun ini menjadi 20 soal UN dan tingkat kerumitan soal," ungkapnya.
Adapun peserta UN yang paling banyak tidak lulus adalah pertama,Nanggro Aceh Darussalam (NAD) dengan 3,11 persen atau 1.754 siswa dari 65 ribu peserta UN. "Kedua, Papua dan ketiga Sulawesi Tengah (Sulteng)," kata M Nuh.

Sedangkan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) tidak lagi menjadi provinsi yang tingkat ketidaklulusannya tertinggi. "Hal ini karena Kemendikbud melakukan intervensi terhadap provinsi itu berupa penambahan guru serta perbaikan sarana dan prasarana," ujar mantan Rektor ITS Surabaya itu.

Dijelaskan, untuk tahun ini masih ada sekolah dengan angka ketidaklulusan sebesar 100 persen. Tercatat, sebanyak 24 sekolah atau sebesar 0,16 persen dengan tingkat ketidaklulusan 100 persen dengan jumlah 899 siswa.Namun lebih banyak sekolah yang 100 persen lulus, yaitu 15.476 sekolah atau sebesar 87 persen dengan jumlah 1,3 juta siswa.

Sementara provinsi dengan tingkat kelulusan 100 persen adalah Jawa Barat. Secara nasional, tambah Nuh, nilai UN tingkat SMA sederajat tahun ini juga mengalami penurunan dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. Jika tahun lalu rata-rata nilai UN 7,7, tahun ini hanya mencapai 6,35.

"Untuk rata-rata nilai UN tertinggi tahun ini 9,87 dan yang terendah 0,33," ungkap Nuh. Yang menarik,lanjut dia, dalam hasil evaluasi UN 2013 di sejumlah sekolah, rata-rata nilai UN lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan rata rata nilai Ujian Sekolah.(Bangkit wibisono)

 

saco-indonesia.com, Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo mengaku mendukung Rancangan Undang-Undang Komponen Cadangan (Komcad) yang tengah digodok DPR RI yang berisi antara lain soal wajib militer.

JAKARTA, Saco- Indonesia.com — Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo mengaku mendukung Rancangan Undang-Undang Komponen Cadangan (Komcad) yang tengah digodok DPR RI yang berisi antara lain soal wajib militer. Ia mengaku setuju jika wajib militer diterapkan bagi PNS dan sipil.

"Setuju, dalam rangka pertahanan negara, bagus itu," ujar Jokowi pada pembukaan HUT ke-486 DKI di Jakarta Timur, Minggu (2/6/2013).

Referensi untuk RUU tersebut diambil dari beberapa negara, yaitu Amerika Serikat, Jepang, dan Singapura.

Komisi I DPR Fraksi Partai Demorat, Hayono Isman, mengatakan, latihan yang diatur dalam UU Komcad merupakan salah satu bentuk persiapan jika sewaktu-waktu Indonesia diserang.

Bagian RUU Komcad yang bicara soal wajib militer antara lain Pasal 6 Ayat 3 dan Pasal 8 Ayat 3. 

Pasal 6 Ayat 3 RUU Komcad itu berbunyi, "Komponen Cadangan disusun dalam bentuk satuan tempur yang disesuaikan dengan struktur organisasi angkatan sesuai masing- masing matra." Adapun Pasal 8 Ayat 3 berbunyi, "Pegawai negeri sipil, pekerja, dan atau buruh yang telah memenuhi persyaratan wajib menjadi anggota komponen cadangan."

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com

    saco-indonesi.com,     I’ve made up my mind,     Don’t need to

    saco-indonesi.com,

    I’ve made up my mind,
    Don’t need to think it over,
    if I’m wrong I am right,
    Don’t need to look no further,
    This ain’t lust,
    i know this is love but,

    If i tell the world,
    I’ll never say enough,
    Cause it was not said to you,
    And thats exactly what i need to do,
    If i’m in love with you,

    Should i give up,
    Or should i just keep chasing pavements?
    Even if it leads nowhere,
    Or would it be a waste?
    Even If i knew my place should i leave it there?
    Should i give up,
    Or should i just keep chasing pavements?
    Even if it leads nowhere

    I’d build myself up,
    And fly around in circles,
    Wait then as my heart drops,
    and my back begins to tingle
    finally could this be it

    Should i give up,
    Or should i just keep chasing pavements?
    Even if it leads nowhere,
    Or would it be a waste?
    Even If i knew my place should i leave it there?
    Should i give up,
    Or should i just keep chasing pavements?
    Even if it leads nowhere

    Should i give up,
    Or should i just keep chasing pavements?
    Even if it leads nowhere,
    Or would it be a waste?
    Even If i knew my place should i leave it there?
    Should i give up,
    Or should i just keep chasing pavements?
    Even if it leads nowhere


    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Miris Banget ,Karena Tumor Ganas, Pria ini tidak memiliki WAJAH

Miris Banget ,Karena Tumor Ganas, Pria ini tidak memiliki WAJAH


Seorang pemuda yang pertama kalinya menceritakan kehidupannya ‘tanpa muka’ dan bagaimana dia begitu takut keadaannya itu diwarisi oleh anak yang masih dalam kandungan isterinya. Mohammad Latif Khatana, 32, dari Kashmir, India, tidak bisa melihat atau bekerja karena mukanya ditutupi lapisan ketumbuhan daging. Karena kehebohannya, bahkan ada orang yang sanggup meludah ketika mereka melalui di depannya,(benar2 orang tak berperasaan).

Dia kini begitu gembira selepas wanita yang dikawininya hamil tujuh bulan.Tetapi dia begitu bimbang, anak yang akan dilahirkan itu akan berwajah sepertinya.“Saya tidak sabar untuk menjadi bapak dan memiliki sedikit kebahagian dalam kehidupan saya. Tetapi saya senantiasa bimbang dan berdoa setiap hari supaya anak saya tidak dilahirkan seperti saya,” katanya. Latif yang tinggal bersama isteri,Salima, 25, di kawasan pergunungan di Tuli Bana di Jammu dan Kashmir, pergi ke Srinagar selama empat bulan dalam setahun untuk meminta sedekah
Foto: Miris Banget 

,Karena Tumor Ganas, Pria ini tidak memiliki WAJAH
Seorang pemuda yang pertama kalinya 

menceritakan kehidupannya ‘tanpa muka’ dan bagaimana dia begitu takut keadaannya itu 

diwarisi oleh anak yang masih dalam kandungan isterinya. Mohammad Latif Khatana, 32, dari 

Kashmir, India, tidak bisa melihat atau bekerja karena mukanya ditutupi lapisan ketumbuhan 

daging. Karena kehebohannya, bahkan ada orang yang sanggup meludah ketika mereka melalui di 

depannya,(benar2 orang tak berperasaan).
Dia kini begitu gembira selepas wanita yang 

dikawininya hamil tujuh bulan.Tetapi dia begitu bimbang, anak yang akan dilahirkan itu akan 

berwajah sepertinya.“Saya tidak sabar untuk menjadi bapak dan memiliki sedikit kebahagian 

dalam kehidupan saya. Tetapi saya senantiasa bimbang dan berdoa setiap hari supaya anak saya 

tidak dilahirkan seperti saya,” katanya. Latif yang tinggal bersama isteri,Salima, 25, di 

kawasan pergunungan di Tuli Bana di Jammu dan Kashmir, pergi ke Srinagar selama empat bulan dalam 

setahun untuk meminta sedekah.
Gabung jg di Spot Line Misteri Dunia Fenomenal
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#07uni10#

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com - Sudah Dua hari ini, Sabtu dan Minggu (26/1), Matahari cukup bersahabat terhadap warga Jakarta.

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com - Sudah Dua hari ini, Sabtu dan Minggu (26/1), Matahari cukup bersahabat terhadap warga Jakarta. Sinar cerahnya memberikan harapan, ancaman banjir di Jakarta akan segera berlalu.

Namun, tak demikian dengan hasil pengamatan Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika. Prakiraan BMKG, hujan belum mau berpaling dari Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi (Jabodetabek) hingga masa puncak hujan berakhir pada akhir Februari nanti. Dengan kata lain, warga Jakarta khususnya harus tetap waspada dan siaga jika cuaca kembali buruk.

Kepala Subbidang Informasi Meteorologi BMKG Hary Tirto Djatmiko mengatakan, sesuai prediksi BMKG, tren intensitas hujan di Jabodetabek mulai menurun. Namun, itu bukan berarti tidak ada hujan, melainkan cuaca selama satu pekan ke depan akan didominasi hujan ringan hingga sedang secara merata di semua wilayah di Jabodetabek. Hujan lebat hanya terjadi di beberapa tempat tertentu, terutama di selatan Jabodetabek, seperti Bogor, Depok, dan Jakarta Selatan.

Curah hujan itu dipengaruhi tekanan rendah di Laut Arafura serta pumpunan angin memanjang dari Samudra Hindia hingga Jawa dan dari Selat Makassar hingga Laut Arafura. Pertumbuhan angin itu menyebabkan kelembaban udara cukup tinggi serta suhu muka laut di wilayah perairan Indonesia menghangat.

Hary pun memperingatkan, ancaman banjir tidak hanya datang dari kawasan hulu sungai, tetapi juga pantai utara Jakarta. Pada 25-31 Januari ini, ujarnya, akan terjadi pasang laut maksimal dengan tinggi dari 1 hingga 1,1 meter.

”Ketinggian pasang maksimal ini sama dengan ketinggian pasang laut pada 11-16 Januari lalu saat banjir pertama terjadi di Jakarta,” katanya.

Seperti prakiraan BMKG, selama hari Minggu, Matahari memang mencurahkan sinarnya di Jakarta. Namun, di Bogor hujan turun cukup deras disertai angin kencang.

Sementara luapan Kali Ciliwung baru surut dari permukaan jalan permukiman di kawasan Kampung Melayu Kecil, Jakarta Selatan, Minggu. Sebagian permukiman di bantaran Kali Ciliwung di Kampung Pulo, Jatinegara, Jakarta Timur, masih terendam banjir. Baru 600 pengungsi warga Kampung Pulo yang kembali ke rumah dan lebih dari 6.000 warga Kampung Pulo masih bertahan di tempat-tempat pengungsian dan tenda-tenda pengungsian di pinggir jalan.

Kepala Dinas Pekerjaan Umum DKI Jakarta Manggas Rudi Siahaan mengatakan, curah hujan selama satu pekan kemarin memang ekstrem sekali. ”Ratusan ribu meter kubik air melimpah di alur-alur sungai dari kawasan hulu hingga ke hilir di Jakarta,” katanya.

Oleh karena itu, seluruh petugas Dinas PU DKI tetap bersiaga menjaga setiap alur sungai sehingga banjir dapat dikendalikan dan tak meluas. Seluruh pompa untuk menyedot genangan dan banjir juga disiagakan.

Di kawasan Petamburan, Tanah Abang, Jakarta Pusat, yang terendam banjir sepekan kemarin, misalnya, masih disiagakan empat pompa pengendali banjir. Bahkan, menurut Lurah Petamburan Nur Komariyah, empat pompa itu terus dioperasikan untuk menyedot genangan di permukiman. Dia mengatakan, penyedotan air ini sempat mengalami hambatan karena pompa tersumbat sampah.

Dari penyedotan itu diharapkan wilayah Petamburan yang masih tergenang dapat kering seluruhnya. Namun, jika cuaca tidak mendukung dan hujan lebat kembali mengguyur, upaya memompa air akan kembali terhambat.

Sumber : Kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

saco-indonesia.com,      Kacamata Keselamatan Kerja Kacamata pengaman pada umumnya telas digunakan oleh peke

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Kacamata Keselamatan Kerja

Kacamata pengaman pada umumnya telas digunakan oleh pekerja konstruksi dan industri. Pekerjaan ini telah membutuhkan kacamata pengaman untuk dapat melindungi mata dari partikel atau debu dan tumpahan kimia.

Pada pekerjaan sepasang kacamata pengaman harus diperlukan dan di bidang konstruksi dan kimia penanganan jarang opsional. Sementara pasangan melalui berbagai tes semua dirancang untuk dapat memblokir partikel terbang dan percikan kimia dari depan dan dari samping. Ini hampir selalu dirancang seperti sepasang normal kacamata hitam sampul atau perisai bergaya hanya lensa dan frame dirancang untuk dapat menahan pukulan dari partikel kecil.

 Meskipun OSHA telah mengatur persyaratan keselamatan untuk tempat kerja tugas-tugas di mana partikel dapat terbang harus menjamin perlindungan mata. Salah satu rekomendasi tersebut adalah dengan menjaga pasangan dalam kit darurat di pinggir jalan di samping alat-alat tangan yang dibutuhkan untuk dapat perbaikan mobil. Sebagai sedikit bisa terbang ketika mengganti ban atau memeriksa mesin yang memiliki pelindung mata yang tepat diperlukan untuk keselamatan Anda sendiri. Dengan demikian kit alat pinggir jalan sering termasuk obeng selotip listrik palu dan sabit kunci pas sepasang dasar kacamata pengaman juga harus ditambahkan.
    

Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Penyakit cacar air merupakan salah satu jenis penyakit yang pasti akan menyerang siapapun dan pada usia berapa pun.

Saco-Indonesia.com - Penyakit cacar air merupakan salah satu jenis penyakit yang pasti akan menyerang siapapun dan pada usia berapa pun. Penyakit ini disebabkan oleh virus varicella-zoster (VZV) dan menyerang sistem imunitas tubuh.

Walaupun penyakit ini mampu menyerang pada usia berapa pun, namun kebanyakan anak-anaklah yang banyak terserang penyakit ini. Sebab saat masih anak-anak, sistem kekebalan tubuh masih belum sempurna.

Agar penyakit ini tidak bertambah parah, tentu saja Anda harus melakukan perawatan yang baik. Salah satunya adalah berkaitan dengan makanan. Berikut adalah makanan yang sebaiknya tidak diberikan pada anak yang terserang penyakit cacar air.

Produk olahan susu
Hindari memberikan produk olahan susu seperi keju, es krim, dan mentega. Mengonsumsi produk olahan susu ketika terserang penyakit cacar air justru akan membuat kulit menjadi berminyak.

Daging
Mengonsumsi daging akan meningkatkan suhu tubuh dan malah akan memperparah penyakit cacar air yang diderita.

Makanan cepat saji
Makanan cepat saji adalah makanan yang paling dilarang untuk dikonsumsi ketika terkena cacar air. Makanan cepat saji hanya akan membuat penyakit bertambah parah.

Jeruk
Jeruk adalah salah satu buah yang seharusnya dihindari oleh penderita cacar air. Sebab jeruk mengandung asam yang akan mengiritasi lukanya menjadi melepuh dan semakin membuat gatal.

Makanan pedas
Makanan pedas dan berbumbu juga sebaiknya dihindari ketika menderita cacar air. Sebab makanan ini akan membuat tubuh penderita menjadi tidak nyaman.

Makanan bergaram tinggi
Kandungan garam yang ada di dalam makanan ini akan memperparah gatal cacar air serta mampu menimbulkan bekas luka yang buruk.

Penyakit cacar air dapat semakin parah tergantung pada makanan yang dikonsumsi. Oleh karena itu sebaiknya hindari pemberian makanan di atas pada penderita cacar.

Sumber : Merdeka.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Para pejabat pemerintahan di sektor keuangan mendadak datang ke kompleks Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat RI untuk bertemu dengan pimpinan parlemen, Senin (3/6/2013).

JAKARTA, Saco- Indonesia.com — Para pejabat pemerintahan di sektor keuangan mendadak datang ke kompleks Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat RI untuk bertemu dengan pimpinan parlemen, Senin (3/6/2013). Menteri Koordinator Perekonomian Hatta Rajasa, Menteri Keuangan Chatib Basri, Kepala Bappenas Armida Alisjahbana, Wakil Menteri Keuangan Mahendra Siregar dan Kepala Badan Kebijakan Fiskal Kemenkeu Bambang Brodjonegoro sudah tiba di kompleks DPR RI, Senin pagi.

Hatta mengaku tidak ada yang spesial dalam pertemuan yang disebutnya pertemuan informal tersebut.

"Kami ketemu, tidak ada yang spesial. Ini pertemuan informal, tidak ada yang bersifat formal. Biasanya kalau informal lewat telepon," ujarnya.

Saat disinggung tentang adanya penolakan rencana pemerintah memasukkan dana kompensasi kenaikan harga bahan bakar minyak (BBM), Hatta menampik adanya penolakan karena rencana dana kompensasi tersebut masih dibahas di parlemen untuk masuk dalam Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara Perubahan (APBN-P) 2013.

"DPR itu intinya adalah paripurna dan komisi. Kalau fraksi-fraksi silakan, kan dinamika politik seperti itu. Kami harapkan APBN-P ini kan kepentingan bersama, kepentingan negara," kata Hatta.

Sementara itu, Wakil Menteri Keuangan Mahendra Siregar menyatakan bahwa pertemuan kali ini adalah persiapan pembahasan APBN-P.

"Kami mendampingi Pak Menko. Mungkin ada beberapa hal yang perlu disampaikan supaya proses dalam konteks APBN-P jalan sesuai jangkauan," ucapnya.

Mahendra mengaku ingin mengetahui perkembangan pembahasan APBN-P di parlemen sehingga bisa diselesaikan tepat waktu. Sementara itu, baik Chatib Basri dan juga Ketua DPR Marzuki Alie tak mau buka suara tentang pertemuan mendadak ini.

"Tidak ada yang khusus," ujar Chatib terburu-buru sambil masuk ke dalam lift.

Seyogyanya, bersamaan dengan pertemuan mendadak ini, dilakukan pula rapat pembahasan rancangan RAPBN -P di Badan Anggaran. Namun, rapat itu akhirnya ditunda karena seluruh pejabat keuangan bertemu pimpinan DPR. Pimpinan Banggar seperti Wakil Ketua Banggar Tamsil Linrung dari Fraksi PKS pun hadir dalam pertemuan itu. Diperkirakan, dalam pertemuan pagi ini, pemerintah dan pimpinan DPR akan membahas tentang rencana memasukkan dana kompensasi dalam rancangan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara Perubahan (RAPBN-P).

Seperti diketahui, rencananya pemerintah akan menaikkan harga BBM pada awal Juni 2013. Namun, rencana itu akhirnya ditunda hingga minggu ketiga bulan Juni 2013. Pemerintah dan DPR hingga kini masih menggodok rencana memasukkan dana bantuan langsung sementara masyarakat (BLSM) ke dalam kerangka APBN-P yang nilainya sekitar Rp 11,6 triliun.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com

saco-indonesia.com, Sebuah analisis baru-baru ini telah mengungkapkan bahwa dalam 20 tahun terakhir jumlah es di Alaska semakin

saco-indonesia.com, Sebuah analisis baru-baru ini telah mengungkapkan bahwa dalam 20 tahun terakhir jumlah es di Alaska semakin lama semakin menurun. Data ini telah didapat dari sebuah satelit radar yang telah mengitari beberapa kawasan bumi untuk dapat memantau situasi.

Kemungkinan besar, hal tersebut telah disebabkan oleh pemanasan global atau global warming. Lebih parah lagi, ilmuwan juga mengungkapkan kondisi akan terus berlanjut hingga di tahun-tahun mendatang.

Menurut lansiran Softpedia (3/2), hasil dari penyelidikan juga mengungkapkan bahwa penurunan danau es ini juga merupakan akibat langsung dari perubahan iklim dan pergeseran kecil lainnya terkait habitat serta ekosistem di seluruh dunia.

Jika hal ini terus akan terjadi, bukan tidak mungkin bumi akan merasakan akibatnya. Suhu bumi meningkat drastis. Otomatis, udara akan terasa panas dan semakin panas dari tahun ke tahun.

Beberapa wilayah di penjuru dunia sudah merasakan suhu ekstrem yang tidak wajar. Pemanasan global benar-benar akan menghantui penduduk bumi. Akankah ini terus berlanjut?


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

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The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

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