Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Teluk Wondama

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Teluk Wondama Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Teluk Wondama

Genset Cummins 500 kva Murah di Intan Jaya

Genset Cummins 500 kva Murah di Intan Jaya Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Genset Cummins 500 kva Murah di Intan Jaya

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Teluk Bintuni

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Teluk Bintuni Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Teluk Bintuni

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Seram Bagian Barat

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Seram Bagian Barat Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva bergaransi dan berkualitas di Seram Bagian Barat

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Tambrauw

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Tambrauw Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Tambrauw

genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A Murah di Banyuwangi

genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A Murah di Banyuwangi Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A Murah di Banyuwangi

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sorong Selatan

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sorong Selatan Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sorong Selatan

Jual Sparepart GENSET CUMMIS 1500KVA Murah di Gayo Lues

Jual Sparepart GENSET CUMMIS 1500KVA Murah di Gayo Lues Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart GENSET CUMMIS 1500KVA Murah di Gayo Lues

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sorong

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sorong Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Sorong

Jual Genset Perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 40 kva Prime power type 1004G Murah di Halmahera Timur

Jual Genset Perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 40 kva Prime power type 1004G Murah di Halmahera Timur Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Genset Perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 40 kva Prime power type 1004G Murah di Halmahera Timur

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Raja Ampat

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Raja Ampat Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Raja Ampat

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva di Rokan Hulu

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva di Rokan Hulu Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva di Rokan Hulu

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Maybrat

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Maybrat Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Maybrat

genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 170 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG4 Murah di Purworejo

genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 170 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG4 Murah di Purworejo Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 170 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG4 Murah di Purworejo

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Manokwari

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Manokwari Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Manokwari

Jual genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 150 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG3 bergaransi dan berkualitas di Aceh Utara

Jual genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 150 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG3 bergaransi dan berkualitas di Aceh Utara Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 150 kva Prime power type 1106C-P6TAG3 bergaransi dan berkualitas di Aceh Utara

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Kaimana

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Kaimana Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual Sparepart Genset Doosan Murah di Kaimana

Jual genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Lima Puluh Kota

Jual genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Lima Puluh Kota Hubungi : 0821 - 1310 - 3112/(021) 9224 - 2423 PT. Tribuana Diesel Adalah penjualan Generating-Set (genset) berkualitas import (builtup) bagi anda yang membutuhkan product berkualitas serta pengadaan yang cepat urgent tanpa berbelit-belit, Genset kami di lengkapi dengan dokumen Certificate Of Original , Manual book engine dan manual book generator, Kami sediakan Genset kapasitas 10 Kva - 650Kva (ANDA PESAN KAMI ANTAR).

Jual genset perkins CHINA/LOVOL Kap 100 kva Prime power type 1006TG1A bergaransi dan berkualitas di Lima Puluh Kota

 Situs Penerjemah merupakan sebuah situs lembaga penyedia jasa terjemahan yang secara khusus menyediakan layanan penerjemah

 Situs Penerjemah merupakan sebuah situs lembaga penyedia jasa terjemahan yang secara khusus menyediakan layanan penerjemahan untuk semua dokumen resmi Anda. Layanan jasa penerjemah dokumen resmi yang disediakan di Situs Penerjemah sudah sejak tahun 2008 seiring dengan dimulainya usaha penyediaan jasa penerjemahan tersumpah. Situs Penerjemah sendiri memiliki staf penerjemah tersumpah yang berpengalaman yang siap membantu Anda untuk menerjemahkan dokumen-dokumen resmi, baik itu dokumen individu, maupun juga dokumen-dokumen resmi badan usaha atau korporasi.

Jasa penerjemah tersumpah dokumen resmi dibawahi langsung oleh pengelola Situs Penerjemah ini, yang notabene merupakan penerjemah tersumpah senior yang telah memiliki 2 sertifikat sebagai Bahasa Into English Sworn Translator dan juga sebaliknya dan sertifikat sebagai Bahasa Into Jepanese Sworn Translator dan juga sebaliknya. Membawahi langsung beberapa staf penerjemah-penerjemah muda yang juga telah bersertifikat sebagai penerjemah tersumpah, sehingga sampai saat ini, staf penerjemah tersumpah untuk dokumen resmi di Situs Penerjemah meliputi penerjemah-penerjemah sebagai berikut.

    Penerjemah Tersumpah Bahasa Inggris
    Penerjemah Tersumpah Bahasa belanda
    Penerjemah Tersumpah Bahasa Jepang
    Penerjemah Tersumpah Bahasa Arab
    Penerjemah Tersumpah Bahasa Jerman


Situs memang hanya mengkhususkan diri dalam penyediaan layanan jasa penerjemah dokumen saja, dalam hal ini yaitu semua jenis dokumen resmi yang memerlukan layanan penerjemah tersumpah. Dan Situs pada setiap saat selalu berkomitmen untuk memberikan hasil terjemahan terbaik bagi semua pelanggan-pelanggan pengguna jasa terjemahan kami.

 

Setelah empat bulan berlalu, pelaku penembakan terhadap Briptu Ruslan Kusuma di tempat cuci motor di Jalan Pekapuran, Cimanggis,

Setelah empat bulan berlalu, pelaku penembakan terhadap Briptu Ruslan Kusuma di tempat cuci motor di Jalan Pekapuran, Cimanggis, Depok, Jumat (13/9/2013) malam lalu, akhirnya tertangkap. Pelaku penembakan adalah kelompok curanmor asal Lampung. Kasubdit Resmob Direktorat Reserse Kriminal Umum Polda Metro Jaya AKBP Adex Yudiswan, saat dikonfirmasi membenarkan adanya penangkapan tersebut. "Betul, pelaku sudah kita tangkap dan masih dikembangkan," kata Adex saat berbincang dengan detikcom, Selasa (21/1/2014). Informasi yang dihimpun detikcom, pelaku yang tertangkap berjumlah 4 orang. Salah satu pelaku yakni bernama Sukur yang ditangkap di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat pada Jumat (17/1) lalu. Briptu Ruslan Kusuma ditembak oleh 4 orang pria saat sedang mencuci motornya di 'Arema Car Wash', Jalan Pekapuran, Sukatani, Depok, Jumat (13/9/2013) pukul 18.30 WIB. Dua orang pelaku merampas kunci motor anggota Sabhara Baharkam Mabes Polti itu dan seketika korban melakukan perlawanan. Pelaku kemudian melepaskan tembakan ke arah Ruslan. Sebutir timah panas pun bersarang di kaki Ruslan. Usai melumpuhkan Ruslan, para pelaku berhasil membawa kabur motor Kawasaki Ninja milik korban. Setelah itu mereka melarikan diri ke arah Leuwinanggung.

    saco-indonesia.com,     Lelaki sempurna yang kuimpikan     Adalah seseorang

    saco-indonesia.com,

    Lelaki sempurna yang kuimpikan
    Adalah seseorang yang menenangkan jiwa
    Lelaki sempurna seperti dia
    Punya segala sifat indah tanpa cela

    Lelaki sempurna berkiblat surga
    Menyejukkan hati dengan akhlak mulia
    Lelaki sempurna seperti dia
    Menjadi penuntun dunia dan akhirat
    Lelaki impianku

    Al Amin jujur amanah dipercaya
    Fathonah cerdas serta tepati janji
    Tawadhu rendah hati
    Amiru berbuat baik
    Shiddiq duniawi
    dermawan tawakal sabar hati
    Istiqomah berada dijalan lurus
    Itulah sifat rasul
    Sifat sifat sempurna
    Sifat lelaki dambaan kita semua

    Lelaki sempurna seperti dia
    Lelaki impian

   
    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

saco-indonesia.com, Musdalifah yang berusia (55) tahun , wanita yang juga mengaku kerabat para terduga teroris Ciputat, juga ber

saco-indonesia.com, Musdalifah yang berusia (55) tahun , wanita yang juga mengaku kerabat para terduga teroris Ciputat, juga berharap segera memakamkan semua jenazah. Lantaran, kematian mereka juga sudah diketahui.

"Mau dimakamin di Pondok Rangon," katanya di RS Polri, Jakarta, Kamis (2/1).

Dirinya juga telah mengaku sebagai ibu angkat para terduga teroris tersebut. Dia juga mengenal Dayat, salah seorang terduga teroris yang tewas.

"Sudah lama, baru ketemu. Saya ibu, ibu anak-anak angkat (semua terduga teroris) saya, bukan anak saya," ujarnya.

Wanita bercadar hitam dan mengenakan terusan panjang berwarna coklat itu juga mengaku perkenalannya dengan para terduga teroris itu karena satu jamaah. Namun, tidak menyebutkan apa nama jamaahnya.

Sebelumnya, Musdalifah yang berusia (55) tahun , juga berharap para teroris tidak diautopsi. Sebab, hal ini juga merupakan permintaan keluarga dan penyebab kematian juga sudah diketahui. Pihaknya juga sudah melayangkan surat kepada kepolisian agar tidak melakukan hal tersebut.

"Atas nama keluarga telah menolak untuk diautopsi. Kita juga berharap jenazah untuk tidak diautopsi, karena sudah jadi jenazah. Matinya sudah jelas ditembak. Kita sudah buat surat pernyataan tidak diautopsi," tegasnya usai keluar dari RS Polri.

Seperti yang telah diketahui, Tim Detasemen Khusus (Densus) 88 Antiteror Polri telah terlibat baku tempat dengan para terduga teroris di beberapa daerah salah satunya di Ciputat. Dari penggerebekan di sebuah rumah kontrakan daerah Kampung Sawah, Ciputat, Tangerang Selatan, enam teroris tewas.

Berikut identitas keenam teroris yang tewas di tangan Densus 88.

Daeng alias Dayat Kacamata
Nurul Haq alias Dirman
Ozi alias Tomo
Rizal alias Teguh alias Sabar
Edo alias Amril
Hendi


Editor : Dian sukmawati

Satu dari empat bandit ABG bermodus berpura-pura tanyakan alamat telah dibekuk saat beraksi di Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam IX C, Tebet, Jakarta Selatan. Tersangka A yang berusia 16 tahun , telah dibekuk oleh petugas Polsek Tebet bersama dengan anggota KSK setelah korban I, 15, dirampok dan ditodong pisau dapur.

Satu dari empat bandit ABG bermodus berpura-pura tanyakan alamat telah dibekuk saat beraksi di Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam IX C, Tebet, Jakarta Selatan.  Tersangka A yang berusia 16 tahun , telah dibekuk oleh petugas Polsek Tebet bersama dengan anggota KSK setelah korban I, 15, dirampok dan ditodong pisau dapur.

Kapolsek Tebet, Kompol I Ketut Sudharma, telah didampingi Kanit Reskrim Iptu Budi Setiyono juga menerangkan modus tersangka mendekati korban yang merupakan pelajar SMPN 73 Tebet, Jaksel untuk menanyakan alamat. “Tersangka menanyakan alamat bersama tiga temannya naik motor. Setelah menanyakan alamat dia mengeluarkan pisau dan merampas hp korban,” kata kapolsek.

Korban yang dirampok secara spontan teriak minta tolong hingga didengar warga dan polisi yang sedang berpatroli. Keempat pelaku juga sempat melarikan diri namun polisi membekuk satu dari empat tersangka. “Kami juga sudah mengantongi identitas teman tersangka dan masih memburunya,” ucap Iptu Budi Setiyono.

Tersangka juga mengaku mereka baru sekali beraksi. Namun, polisi tidak percaya dengan keterangan pelaku. “Dilihat cara aksinya, mereka sudah lihai,” kata Budi. Atas perbuatannya A yang mengaku frustasi karena di DO saat duduk di SMA dikenakan pasal 365 KUHP dengan ancaman hukuman di atas lima tahun penjara.

saco-indonesia.com, Guna untuk mempersiapkan pengamanan gelaran Pemilu 2014, Badan Pengawas Pemilu (Bawaslu) akan melaksanakan p

saco-indonesia.com, Guna untuk mempersiapkan pengamanan gelaran Pemilu 2014, Badan Pengawas Pemilu (Bawaslu) akan melaksanakan pelatihan pengamanan yang telah bekerjasama dengan sejumlah aparat kepolisian. Atas rencana tersebut, maka besok akan dilakukan penutupan di sekitaran Gedung Bawaslu, Jalan MH Thamrin, Jakarta Pusat, pada hari Jumat 7 Februari 2014.

"Latihan Pengamanan Bawaslu dan Sispam Kota Pemilihan Umum 2014 di tingkat Polda Metro Jaya pada hari Jumat, 7 Februari 2014 di sekitaran gedung Badan Pengawas Pemilu (Bawaslu), Jalan M.H. Thamrin No.14.Jakarta, maka besok akan dilakukan penutupan arus lalu lintas sementara di sekitaran Bundaran HI sampai depan Kedutaan Besar Jepang," tulis petugas TMC Polda Metro Jaya dalam akun facebook resminya, Kamis (6/2/2014).

Pelaksanaan pelatihan tersebut akan dimulai sejak pukul pukul 07.00 WIB sampai 13.00 siang WIB. "Untuk dapat mendukung kelancaran kegiatan pelatihan pengamanan dan menghindari kepadatan lalu lintas, maka bagi pengguna jalan yang akan melintasi jalan Jend. Sudirman-Jalan M.H. Thamrin disarankan untuk berangkat lebih awal atau sebelum pukul 07.00 WIB, atau setelah sholat Jumat," tulis petugas TMC.

Diimbau bagi pengguna jalan agar tetap mematuhi rambu-rambu lalu lintas yang ada dan mengikuti petunjuk petugas polisi yang berada di lapangan.

"Pengalihan lalu lintas di ruas jalan Jenderal Sudirman-Jalan MH Thamrin akan dilakukan situasional atau sesuasi kondisi peningkatan volume kendaraan. Selain akan dilakukan pengaturan lalu lintas, petugas juga akan memasang sarana dan prasarana seperti rambu-rambu dan kelengkapan petunjuk di ruas jalan tersebut sebelum acara dimulai," tulis petugas.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com, Usai mengamankan tanda tangan Greg Nwokolo, Persebaya telah kembali mengikat satu pemain asal Kamerun, Danie

saco-indonesia.com, Usai mengamankan tanda tangan Greg Nwokolo, Persebaya telah kembali mengikat satu pemain asal Kamerun, Daniel Monchare. Monchare akan dijadwalkan menandatangani kontrak di Kantor Kadin Jawa Timur (Jatim), Rabu (18/12) siang ini.

"Rencananya memang seperti itu. Dia akan teken hari ini," ujar sekretaris tim Persebaya, Rahmad Sumanjaya, Rabu pagi.

Dibanding tiga pemain asing lainnya, kedatangan Monchare juga terbilang terlambat. Ia seharusnya juga sudah mendarat di Indonesia sejak sepekan lalu. Namun Monchare harus tertahan di Nigeria karena urusan administrasi. "Sebab dia belum pernah main di Indonesia," jelas Rahmad.

Dengan demikian, Monchare juga merupakan pemain asing ketiga yang telah bergabung dengan tim juara Divisi Utama 2013 ini. Sebelumnya, tim asuhan Rahmad Darmawan lebih dulu mengikat gelandang serang Patrice Nzekou dan striker Emmanuel "Pacho" Kenmogne.

Selain sama-sama berasal dari Kamerun, ketiga pemain ini juga berada dalam satu payung agen, yakni Francis Yonga. Kehadiran Monchare juga diharapkan mampu untuk memperkuat tembok pertahanan Persebaya. Sebelumnya, Persebaya juga sudah memiliki Ambrizal, Manahati Lestusen dan Vava Mario Yagalo.


Editor ; Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com,      Cara Memilih Material Pipa "PIPA SEAMLESS" Material pipa ada berbagai jen

saco-indonesia.com,
    
Cara Memilih Material Pipa

"PIPA SEAMLESS" Material pipa ada berbagai jenis. Bagaimana cara untuk menentukan material yang harus digunakan? Untuk dapat menentukan material, terutama untuk bidang industri, faktor yang paling penting adalah fluida apa yang akan mengalir didalamnya. Selain itu, kondisi luar dari pipa juga akan mempengaruhi. Dan terakhir, tentu saja dalam sisi ekonomi juga akan menjadi dasar pemilihan material.
Pipa juga dapat dibagi menjadi 2 bagian besar. Pipa dari logam dan non-logam. Logam telah terdiri dari carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminium, nickel dan lainnya. Berikut ini adalah contoh dalam desain pipa untuk pabrik industri gas alam, minyak, atau pabrik kimia lainnya.
Pertama, insinyur proses harus bisa menghitung apa dan berapa banyak macam kandungan yang akan melewati pipa. Pada dasarnya, semua pipa untuk proses biasanya harus memakai pipa logam dan dimulai dari material carbon steel yang paling murah.
Akibat aliran fluida, bagian dalam pipa akan mengalami korosi, dan salah satu cara untuk dapat menetapkan kecepatan korosi adalah memakai grafik de Waard – Milliams nomograph. Grafik ini membantu untuk dapat menentukan berapa kecepatan korosi (mm/tahun) yang telah disebabkan adanya kandungan CO2 dalam fluida.
Problem disebabkan korosi juga dapat diatasi dengan menambah ketebalan pipa sebesar kecepatan korosi dikali tahun lamanya pabrik didesain. Tetapi, jika total ketebalan yang dibutuhkan untuk dapat mengatasi korosi itu terlalu tebal, pipa akan menjadi sangat tebal dan tidak efektif dalam pembangunannya. Untuk keadaan ini, pipa dari stainless steel telah menjadi pilihan selanjutnya.
Selain korosi, suhu fluida juga dapat menentukan material pipa. Semakin rendah suhu, logam akan menjadi mudah mengalami retakan. Ini karena sifat brittle (getas)  logam bertambah pada suhu rendah . Stainless steel merupakan salah satu yang tahan akan suhu rendah. Karena itu, untuk cryogenic service (fluida dengan suhu operasi dibawah -196 degC) stainless steel adalah material yang cocok dibandingkan dengan carbon steel.
Stainless steel sering disebut juga corrosion resistance alloy (campuran logam tahan korosi) dan tentunya akan lebih mahal jika dibandingkan carbon steel. Stainless steel bisa dibagi menjadi beberapa jenis, contohnya austenitic, feritic, martenistic, duplex dan high alloy stainless steel (campuran tinggi logam stainless steel). Sayangnya, stainless steel tidak tahan terhadap semua jenis korosi, terutama korosi yang disebabkan oleh klorida, sulfida serta fluida asam (sour fluid) lainnya.
Untuk sistem pipa yang mengalirkan fluida asam (piping system for sour service) biasanya di desain berdasarkan standar NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) MR0175. Mulai tahun 2003, standar NACE MR0175 bersatu dengan ISO 15156 dan yang telah memiliki syarat desain yang sulit dibandingkan edisi tahun sebelumnya.

Berdasarkan NACE MR0175/ISO 15156, penggunaan austenitic stainless steel telah dibatasi oleh kombinasi dari kadar khlorida, H2S (hydrogen sulfide) dan suhu fluida. Jika austenitic stainless steel tidak dapat digunakan, maka penggunaan duplex atau high alloy stainless steel merupakan pilihan selanjutnya. Jika duplex atau high alloy stainless steel juga tidak dapat digunakan, maka pilihan selanjutnya adalah menggunakan logam campuran nikel seperti incoloy dan inconel.
Semakin tahan terhadap berbagai korosi, semakin mahal harga material tersebut. Untuk dapat mengurangi biaya, pengaplikasian cladding atau overlay juga merupakan salah satu alternatif. Misalnya dengan menggunakan pipa dari carbon steel dengan dilapisi logam mahal pada bagian dalamnya saja yang bersentuhan langsung dengan fluida sumber korosi akan bisa menekan biaya tanpa mengurangi ketahanan terhadap korosi.
Pemilihan material ini bukan hanya untuk pipa, tetapi juga berlaku untuk bejana (vessel), katup (valve) dan elemen pipa lainnya. Untuk katup, walaupun material dari badan katup bisa memakai carbon steel, tetapi bagian dimana korosi tidak diperbolehkan untuk dapat menjaga kemampuan katup untuk menyekat (sering disebut sebagai trim, seperti bagian valve seat, stem dan lainnya), maka penggunaan stainless steel atau logam tahan korosi lainnya menjadi keharusan.
Pada saat melakukan pemilihan material yang sebenarnya, mungkin tidak akan semudah yang dijabarkan diatas, tetapi secara umum, begitulah proses pemilihan material pada saat mendesain pabrik industri.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

saco-indonesia.com, Menjelang bursa transfer musim dingin dibuka, berbagai rumor kembali santer bermunculan. Meski biasanya tak

saco-indonesia.com, Menjelang bursa transfer musim dingin dibuka, berbagai rumor kembali santer bermunculan. Meski biasanya tak sedahsyat bursa transfer musim panas, namun perpindahan pemain pada Januari biasanya juga bisa memberikan kejutan.

Tahun ini, Manchester United digadang-gadang akan menjadi salah satu klub yang paling sibuk sepanjang musim dingin ini . United bukan saja bakal berusaha untuk mendatangkan pemain, namun kabarnya juga akan melepas beberapa.

Salah satu pemain yang diincar oleh United adalah winger milik Benfica Nicolas Gaitan. Sayangnya bagi United, mereka akan mendapatkan saingan serius dari klub kaya asal Prancis; PSG.

Media Prancis telah melaporkan bahwa United dan PSG sudah sama-sama menjalin kontak dengan Benfica. Sedikit banyak, Benfica telah memiliki tekanan untuk dapat melepas sang pemain karena mereka juga sudah terlempar dari Liga Champions.

United sebenarnya sudah lama menginginkan Gaitan. Mereka juga sudah sering dikaitkan dengan Gaitan sejak musim lalu. Sementara itu, PSG juga menginginkan Gaitan karena mereka ingin melakukan penyegaran. Jeremy Menez sudah nyaris bisa dipastikan akan hengkang paling lambat Juni mendatang.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

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Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

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How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
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Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

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Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

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Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.